A study makes the link between food and dependence. Following a Mediterranean diet would prevent dependency and frailty in the elderly.
Fragility and dependence are often linked in the elderly. By becoming more fragile, they become more likely to fracture by falling, to require daily support or even to integrate a specialized institution.
British researchers have analyzed the link between diet and fragility. According to them, the Mediterranean diet would help prevent the arrival of frailty among seniors. The results of this study were published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
A mainly vegetable diet
5789 people participated in this study in France, Spain, Italy and China. Scientists have collected data from studies done by other researchers. People who follow a Mediterranean diet have a lower risk of becoming fragile.
This diet is based on the consumption of mainly plant products: fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts and seeds. "The people who followed this diet the best were half as likely to become frail compared to people who did not have this type of diet," says Dr. Kate Walters, co-author of the study. In fact, in these people, muscle strength was better maintained, as well as weight, activity, and energy.
However, the researchers indicate that a larger study is needed to include other risk factors: smoking, alcohol consumption, exercise level, etc.