Measles: the symptoms that should alert you

The resurgence of measles lies in the fact that we know the symptoms, in order to consult a doctor quickly and limit the spread of the virus.

The resurgence of measles worries the health authorities. In France, as in many other countries, it is explained by inadequate vaccination coverage, due in particular to the distrust of the MMR vaccine, accused in 1998 by the researcher Andrew Wakefield of causing autism.

Despite many epidemiological studies showing the opposite for 20 years, a general consensus in the scientific community and scientific fraud proven by the "researcher", the general public remains divided on the issue. As proof, in France, since January 1, 2019, 633 measles cases were reported according to Public Health France, of which 193 (30%) hospitalized (10 in intensive care), 50 (8%) complicated with pneumopathies, 1 death (encephalitis ). "92% of the cases occurred in unvaccinated or poorly vaccinated subjects".

What is measles?

Measles is an infectious disease of viral origin, eruptive and highly contagious, which is transmitted mainly by air: for example when a contagious patient coughs, it sends into the air micro-droplets of saliva infected with virus. It is also possible to contract measles after contact with a surface contaminated by nasopharyngeal secretions.

Measles is caused by a virus from the family of paramyxoviruses which enters the body through the respiratory system and lodges in the immune cells of the lung to multiply. These immune cells will then move to the ganglia and spread the infection throughout the body. Contrary to popular belief, it affects children more frequently before the age of one year, but also unvaccinated adults.

The signs that must alert

The signs of measles are typical and follow a precise chronology related to the development of the virus in the body. First, there is a 10 to 12 day virus incubation period during which no sign appears. It is a silent period during which the virus multiplies.
Then the first signs are triggered during the invasion phase. It lasts 3 to 4 days during which the patient is tired, has a fever, a dry cough, red eyes and runny nose. Children can often complain about a stomach ache. There are also small white dots on the lining of the cheeks, it is "the sign of Köplik".
The characteristic rash arrives abruptly on the 15th day after the contagion. It starts behind the ears and goes down quickly on the face and trunk then on the whole body. The pimples are irregular bulging pink spots, separated by intervals of healthy skin. They do not itch and usually disappear in 5 to 6 days. During this phase of state, the fever persists. Fatigue and coughing may persist beyond 15 days.
Note that it is better to call your doctor in case of doubt, rather than go to his office directly, so as not to contaminate other patients.

When to consult urgently

When it occurs in infants, frail people, or weakened immune systems, measles can become complicated and require hospitalization. Any persistent fever after 15 days with a fatty cough may be a sign of a superinfection by a bacterium to be treated with antibiotics. If the patient has difficulty breathing, it may be a serious infection of the lung, a "pneumonitis".

In addition, any neurological signs such as loss of consciousness, muscle weakness or convulsion must be promptly consulted in the emergency room because there is a risk of cerebral infection. These complications can lead to pulmonary and neurological sequelae for life, or even death.

Video: Vaccine, Not Measles, Caused NH Child's Symptoms, Officials Say (February 2020).