US researchers have discovered that millions of people take aspirin daily without the permission of their doctor to prevent a heart attack. But this would not only be useless, but it would increase the risk of an ulcer.
If you are used to taking aspirin daily as a preventative, maybe you should change your health routine. According to a study published Tuesday, July 23 in the journal Annals of Internal MedicineToo many seniors consume aspirin every day without a doctor's prescription, which in the long term can be dangerous for health, especially in terms of bleeding and ulcers.
In the past, several studies have shown the harmful effects of aspirin, known for its analgesic, antipyretic and antirheumatic action. Taking one each day has only an insignificant effect on heart health, especially in the elderly, and a small dose would be enough to increase the risk of cerebral hemorrhage, have discovered the researchers.
Yet, by studying data from the US National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) conducted in 2017, Harvard scientists found that 29 million people aged 40 and over took an aspirin every day to avoid infarction when they had no cardiovascular disease. In addition, 6.6 million of them took this habit without consulting their doctor beforehand.
Do not take aspirin daily without a prescription from your doctor
"We found that a quarter of adults aged 40 (23.4%) and older who do not have heart disease take regular aspirin," said study author Dr. Christina Wee. "Even more worrying is that half of adults over age 70 who do not have heart disease or stroke regularly take aspirin (10 million people), which increases the risk of bleeding and stroke. 'ulcer', she continues.
These results prompted the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology to change their recommendations on the use of aspirin in cardiovascular disease prevention. Adults 70 years of age and older who do not have heart disease should not take aspirin daily for prevention, even at a low dose of 75 to 100 mg. Moreover, it is strongly recommended that people who are at risk of bleeding should not take aspirin every day. And this, whatever their age.
These recommendations do not apply, however, to individuals who have already had heart attacks or attacks or to those who have already undergone procedures such as the insertion of an endocavitary prosthesis or surgical bypass to prevent a cardiovascular event. . Finally, in a message accompanying these new guidelines, the American Heart Association recalls that it is not advisable to take aspirin every day unless the doctor prescribes it.
Health professionals should question their patients "about current use of aspirin"
"Our results show that it is extremely important for health professionals to question their patients about the ongoing use of aspirin and advise them on the importance of balancing the benefits and harms, especially among patients. older adults and those with previous gastric ulcers, "Colin concludes. O'Brien, co-author of the study.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a group of disorders that affect the heart and blood vessels. They are the leading cause of death in the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), four out of every five deaths from cardiovascular disease worldwide occur by heart attack or stroke.
Among the risk factors are diabetes, hypertension or hyperlipidemia. Thus, to prevent heart disease, experts recommend regular sports and healthy eating with a diet low in fat and sugar composed of many vegetables.